An إضافة is a construction that indicates possession or belonging. In English, belonging can be expressed using the word “of”. For example, “the book of Allah” expresses possession and would be considered an إضافة. This fragment is made up of two parts. The first is the word before the “of” and is called the مضاف. The word before “of” is that which is possessed. The second part is the word after the “of”. This is called the مضاف إليه .The word after “of” is the owner or the one who possesses.
When you see a fragment that seems to indicate belonging but does not contain an “of,” the fragment can be rearranged to make the “of” apparent. For example, “the cat’s paws” can be rearranged to read “the paws of the cat.” The fragment “his eyes” can be rearranged to read “eyes of his.”
Drill 8: Underline the مضاف once and the مضاف إليه twice.