This fragment is made up of two parts. The first is what is called a حرف جر or جارّ. This is a حرف that puts the اسم that comes after it in the جر status. The second is an اسم that follows and is in the جر status. This part is called the مجرور. This is the first of two reasons for a word to be in جر status. Nothing can come between a جارّ and a مجرور – the two parts of this fragment cannot have a long-distance relationship. Also know that a حرف جر can only affect an اسم .It is never followed by a فعل or a حرف .There are seventeen حروف الجر. Once you memorize them, recognizing and constructing الجار والمجرور is very easy.
MEMORIZE the حروف below along with their meanings.
(by Allah only)
I swear by
***NOTE that all the highlighted letters in the top 2 rows attach directly to the word following it.
***NOTE the لـ takes كسرة usually, but it takes a فتحة when it comes before all attached pronouns (except for the ي, the attached version of أنا).
Remember that the حرْف جرّ makes the اسم after it جر. Let’s look back at the different ways the جر status shows itself:
Pronouns (Independent vs Attached)
Ending Combination (Feminine Plural)
Ending Combination (Masculine Plural)
Ending Combination (Pair/Dual)
Ending Sound (Partly-Flexible)
Ending Sound (Non-Flexible)
Ending Sound (Fully Flexible)
Let us take a look at a few examples of حروف جر from the Quran.
نا is an attached pronounمجرور
Non-Flexible but stillمجرور
Drill 6: Are the following جار ومجرور fragments? If they are, underline the جار and circle the مجرور.